Aesthetic Surgery

Rhinoplasty, Nose Surgery


Girls should be at least 16 and boys 17 before they can have nose surgery, because the structures of the face change with growing and it is better to wait until full development of the face is achieved to perform the surgery. Younger patients should be advised carefully, to understand the reasons that motivate to want to change their noses. It is important to realize the change should satisfy the patient, avoiding influences from relatives and friends. The upper age limit for rhinoplasty depends on health conditions and psychological motivations that provoke the need for the change. A classical reason for nose surgery in older patients is the rejuvenating effect that can be produced to correct a drooping tip, when performed together with a facelift. Breathing problems can be corrected at the same time. A computer consultation is the best way to evaluate the change that can be obtained through plastic surgery of the nose. If the nose has a “ball” at the tip, if it is too large for the face, if there is a hump in profile, or if it is too wide, crooked or asymmetrical. Reshape the nose by reducing or increasing size, removing a hump, changing shape of tip or bridge, narrowing the nostrils, or changing the angle between nose and upper lip. It may also relieve some breathing problems. The skin quality and the size and shape of the nose in relationship to the face are studied. Sometimes correction of the chin can be done together with nose surgery to balance the face. Results from rhinoplasty will vary according to several factors, type of skin, shape of the nose, etc. Results are individual and should not be compared with others. The nose can be increased or decreased, nostrils can be narrowed, the tip reshaped and elevated. Usually all of the incisions will be placed inside the nose. To reduce the base of the nose or the nostrils small incisions are placed at base of the nostrils, hidden in the natural crease. Sometimes a small incision is made in the columella, the tissue that separates the nostrils. This can be used in more difficult cases or in re-operations. Though the small incisions cartilage and bone are treated to narrow and straight the nose. To augment the nose cartilage from the septum or the ear can be used. Nose surgery (rhinoplasty) can take one or two hours to complete. Sometimes, if the reshaping is more extensive or other procedures are being performed it may take longer. Most nose surgery are performed under local anesthesia, combined with a sedative to make you drowsy. You`ll be awake but relaxed, and your face will be insensitive to pain. (However, you may feel some tugging or occasional discomfort). Some patients prefer a general anesthesia. In that case, you`ll sleep through the operation. Normally, nose reshaping surgery is performed on an outpatient basis in a hospital, surgical center or plastic surgeon`s office. Temporary swelling, bruising around eyes and nose. Some bleeding.


The first day following your nose surgery you may experience a sensation of puffiness in your face, some aching around your nose and you may have a slight headache. This discomfort can be controlled by medications prescribed by your plastic surgeon. Your plastic surgeon will direct you to relax in bed and keep your head in a raised position during the first day after your nose reshaping surgery. Remember that in the days immediately following your nose surgery you will experience swelling and see bruises around your eyes. At first it will see as if these are getting worse each day, but after approximately three days, they will stabilize and start to gradually fade-in most cases, completely within two to three weeks. Cool cloths or compresses held gently on these swollen and bruised areas can help you feel more comfortable. You may also have some slight blood discharge the first days of your recuperation and this is completely normal. The area around your nose may also remain stiff for several weeks. Within a couple weeks of your nose surgery you will begin to feel and look better. Most likely you`ll go back to work as long as it`s not too strenuous. But, keep in mind, you will feel a little off your game, so take it easy. Also, you`ll want to avoid exercises and activities that can make your blood pressure increase. In general, you`ll want to pay a little more attention to protecting your nose when you`re bathing or putting on make-up. And if you wear glasses, you will have to be very careful not to rest them on the bridge of your nose until it has healed adequately — usually within a month to a month and a half. Your plastic surgeon at The Mediterranean Aesthetic Surgery Center in Antalya will give you detailed instructions to follow before and after your nose reshaping surgery. And you will have regular follow-up appointments with your plastic surgeon Dr. Oksar during your recovery period.


There are very few risks associated with nose surgery and the infrequent complications that may arise can be easily treated by your plastic surgeon. Sometimes nearly invisible reddish spots show up on the nose which are caused by broken blood vessels. These are generally hardly noticeable. Scars are not visible at all when the nose reshaping surgery is conducted inside the nostrils. When nose reshaping surgery is conduced on the outside of the nose, the scars are very small and concealed under the nose. Serious complications from rhinoplasty are not common. Potential complications include hematoma (an accumulation of blood under the skin which may require removal), infection and reactions to anesthesia. Numbness of the skin following rhinoplasty may occur but is usually temporary.

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Aesthetic Surgery
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Liposuction is a procedure that can help sculpt the body by removing unwanted fat from specific areas, including the abdomen, hips, buttocks, thighs, knees, upper arms, chin, cheeks and neck. During the past decade, liposuction, which is also known as lipoplasty or suction lipectomy, has benefited from several new refinements. Today, a number of new techniques, including ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty (UAL), the tumescent technique, and the super-wet technique, are helping many plastic surgeons to provide selected patients with more precise results and quicker recovery times. Although no type of liposuction is a substitute for dieting and exercise, liposuction can remove stubborn areas of fat that don`t respond to traditional weight-loss methods. If you are considering liposuction, this information will give you a basic understanding of the procedure  when it can help, how it is performed and how you might look and feel after surgery. It wont answer all of your questions, since much depends on your individual circumstances. Please ask your doctor if there is anything about the procedure you don`t understand.

Are you a good candidate for liposuction ?
To be a good candidate for liposuction, you must have realistic expectations about what the procedure can do for you. It s important to understand that liposuction can enhance your appearance and self confidence, but it won t necessarily change your looks to match your ideal or cause other people to treat you differently. Before you decide to have surgery, think carefully about your expectations and discuss them with your surgeon.The best candidates for liposuction are normal-weight people with firm, elastic skin who have pockets of excess fat in certain areas. You should be physically healthy, psychologically stable and realistic in your expectations. Your age is not a major consideration; however, older patients may have diminished skin elasticity and may not achieve the same results as a younger patient with tighter skin.

Liposuction carries greater risk for individuals with medical problems such as diabetes, significant heart or lung disease, poor blood circulation, or those who have recently had surgery near the area to be contoured.

Planning Your Surgery 

In your initial consultation, your surgeon will evaluate your health, determine where your fat deposits lie and assess the condition of your skin. Your surgeon will explain the body-contouring methods that may be most appropriate for you. For example, if you believe you want liposuction in the abdominal area, you may learn that an abdominoplasty or tummy tuck may more effectively meet your goals; or that a combination of traditional liposuction and UAL would be the best choice for you.Be frank in discussing your expectations with your surgeon. He or she should be equally frank with you, describing the procedure in detail and explaining its risks and limitations.

Getting the Answers You Need
Individuals considering liposuction often feel a bit overwhelmed by the number of options and techniques being promoted today. However, your plastic surgeon can help. In deciding which is the right treatment approach for you, your doctor will consider effectiveness, safety, cost and appropriateness for your needs. This is called surgical judgment, a skill that is developed through surgical training and experience. Your doctor also uses this judgement to prevent complications; to handle unexpected occurrences during surgery; and to treat complications when they occur.

Preparing for Your Surgery
Your surgeon will give you specific instructions on how to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating and drinking, smoking, and taking or avoiding vitamins, iron tablets and certain medications. If you develop a cold or an infection of any kind, especially a skin infection, your surgery may have to be postponed.

Though it is rarely necessary, your doctor may recommend that you have blood drawn ahead of time in case it is needed during surgery.

Also, while you are making preparations, be sure to arrange for someone to drive you home after the procedure and, if needed, to help you at home for a day or two.

Where Your Surgery will be Performed  ?

Liposuction may be performed in a surgeon s office-based facility, in an outpatient surgery center, or in a hospital. Smaller-volume liposuction is usually done on an outpatient basis for reasons of cost and convenience. However, if a large volume of fat will be removed, or if the liposuction is being performed in conjunction with other procedures, a stay in a hospital or overnight nursing facility may be required.

Anesthesia for Liposuction
Various types of anesthesia can be used for liposuction procedures. Together, you and your surgeon will select the type of anesthesia that provides the most safe and effective level of comfort for your surgery.

If only a small amount of fat and a limited number of body sites are involved, liposuction can be performed under local anesthesia, which numbs only the affected areas. However, if you prefer, the local is usually used along with intravenous sedation to keep you more relaxed during the procedure. Regional anesthesia can be a good choice for more extensive procedures. One type of regional anesthesia is the epidural block, the same type of anesthesia commonly used in childbirth.

However, some patients prefer general anesthesia, particularly if a large volume of fat is being removed. If this is the case, a nurse anesthetist or anesthesiologist will be called in to make sure you are completely asleep during the procedure.

The Surgery
The time required to perform liposuction may vary considerably, depending on the size of the area, the amount of fat being removed, the type of anesthesia and the technique used.

There are several liposuction techniques that can be used to improve the ease of the procedure and to enhance outcome.

Liposuction is a procedure in which localized deposits of fat are removed to recontour one or more areas of the body. Through a tiny incision, a narrow tube or cannula is inserted and used to vacuum the fat layer that lies deep beneath the skin. The cannula is pushed then pulled through the fat layer, breaking up the fat cells and suctioning them out. The suction action is provided by a vacuum pump or a large syringe, depending on the surgeon`s preference. If many sites are being treated, your surgeon will then move on to the next area, working to keep the incisions as inconspicuous as possible.

Fluid is lost along with the fat, and it`s crucial that this fluid be replaced during the procedure to prevent shock. For this reason, patients need to be carefully monitored and receive intravenous fluids during and immediately after surgery.

Technique Variations
The basic technique of liposuction, as described above, is used in all patients undergoing this procedure. However, as the procedure has been developed and refined, several variations have been introduced.

Fluid Injection, a technique in which a medicated solution is injected into fatty areas before the fat is removed, is commonly used by plastic surgeons today. The fluid  a mixture of intravenous salt solution, lidocaine (a local anesthetic) and epinephrine (a drug that contracts blood vessels)  helps the fat be removed more easily, reduces blood loss and provides anesthesia during and after surgery. Fluid injection also helps to reduce the amount of bruising after surgery.

The amount of fluid that is injected varies depending on the preference of the surgeon.
Large volumes of fluid  sometimes as much as three times the amount of fat to be removed  are injected in the tumescent technique. Tumescent liposuction, typically performed on patients who need only a local anesthetic, usually takes significantly longer than traditional liposuction (sometimes as long as four to five hours). However, because the injected fluid contains an adequate amount of anesthetic, additional anesthesia may not be necessary. The name of this technique refers to the swollen and firm or tumesced state of the fatty tissues when they are filled with solution.

The super-wet technique is similar to the tumescent technique, except that lesser amounts of fluid are used. Usually the amount of fluid injected is equal to the amount of fat to be removed. This technique often requires IV sedation or general anesthesia and typically takes one to two hours of surgery time.

Ultrasound-Assisted Lipoplasty (UAL). This technique requires the use of a special cannula that produces ultrasonic energy. As it passes through the areas of fat, the energy explodes the walls of the fat cells, liquefying the fat. The fat is then removed with the traditional liposuction technique.

UAL has been shown to improve the ease and effectiveness of liposuction in fibrous areas of the body, such as the upper back or the enlarged male breast. It is also commonly used in secondary procedures, when enhanced precision is needed. In general, UAL takes longer to perform than traditional liposuction.

All Surgery Carries Some Uncertainty and Risk
Liposuction is normally safe, as long as patients are carefully selected, the operating facility is properly equipped and the physician is adequately trained.

As a minimum, your surgeon should have basic (core) accredited surgical training with special training in body contouring. Also, even though many body-contouring procedures are performed outside the hospital setting, be certain that your surgeon has been granted privileges to perform liposuction at an accredited hospital.

Your doctor must have advanced surgical skills to perform procedures that involve the removal of a large amount of fat (more than five liters or 5,000 ccs); ask your doctor about his or her other patients who have had similar procedures and what their results were. Also, more extensive liposuction procedures require attentive after-care. Find out how your surgeon plans to monitor your condition closely after the procedure.

However, it s important to keep in mind that even though a well-trained surgeon and a state-of-the art facility can improve your chance of having a good result, there are no guarantees. Though they are rare, complications can and do occur. Risks increase if a greater number of areas are treated at the same time, or if the operative sites are larger in size. Removal of a large amount of fat and fluid may require longer operating times than may be required for smaller operations.

The combination of these factors can create greater hazards for infection; delays in healing; the formation of fat clots or blood clots, which may migrate to the lungs and cause death; excessive fluid loss, which can lead to shock or fluid accumulation that must be drained; friction burns or other damage to the skin or nerves or perforation injury to the vital organs; and unfavorable drug reactions.

There are also points to consider with the newer techniques. For example, in UAL, the heat from the ultrasound device used to liquefy the fat cells may cause injury to the skin or deeper tissues. Also, you should be aware that even though UAL has been performed successfully on several thousand people worldwide, the long-term effects of ultrasound energy on the body are not yet known.

In the tumescent and super-wet techniques, the anesthetic fluid that is injected may cause lidocaine toxicity (if the solution s lidocaine content is too high), or the collection of fluid in the lungs (if too much fluid is administered).

The scars from liposuction are small and strategically placed to be hidden from view. However, imperfections in the final appearance are not uncommon after lipoplasty. The skin surface may be irregular, asymmetric or even baggy, especially in the older patient. Numbness and pigmentation changes may occur. Sometimes, additional surgery may be recommended.

After Your Surgery
After surgery, you will likely experience some fluid drainage from the incisions. Occasionally, a small drainage tube may be inserted beneath the skin for a couple of days to prevent fluid build-up. To control swelling and to help your skin better fit its new contours, you may be fitted with a snug elastic garment to wear over the treated area for a few weeks. Your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection.

Don t expect to look or feel great right after surgery. Even though the newer techniques are believed to reduce some post-operative discomforts, you may still experience some pain, burning, swelling, bleeding and temporary numbness. Pain can be controlled with medications prescribed by your surgeon, though you may still feel stiff and sore for a few days.

It is normal to feel a bit anxious or depressed in the days or weeks following surgery. However, this feeling will subside as you begin to look and feel better.

Your New Look
You will see a noticeable difference in the shape of your body quite soon after surgery. However, improvement will become even more apparent after about four to six weeks, when most of the swelling has subsided. After about three months, any persistent mild swelling usually disappears and the final contour will be visible.

If your expectations are realistic, you will probably be very pleased with the results of your surgery. You may find that you are more comfortable in a wide variety of clothes and more at ease with your body. And, by eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise, you can help to maintain your new shape.

*The Information Presented On This Website Is Intended To Be Used For Informational Use Only; It Is Not Intended To Be A Substitute For Professional Advice. If You Are Planning On Having A Procedure Performed Or If There Is Anything You Don`t Understand Or Have Questions About Your Procedure, Time, Price, Blood Work, Additional Cost For Operating Room, Anesthesia Work, Post Surgery Recovery, Combination Of The Different Procedures Please Consult To Our Physician Who Will Be Happy During Your Consultation To Go Over In Details All Your Questions.

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